09 January 2023

Why Women’s Consideration is a Key in battling climate change impacts?

The livelihoods of billions of people throughout the world are highly impacted by climate change, despite efforts to reduce its hazards. This is manifested by floods, droughts, windstorms, water scarcity, diminished biodiversity, and other extreme weather occurrences that are having an adverse effect on their lives. These extreme weather events have impacts on human well-being by creating food shortages, contaminating water bodies used for consumption, livelihood, or recreation, and damaging vital infrastructures.

Despite the fact that climate change affects all levels of society, the severity of these catastrophes varies. Several studies show that women and girls are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, most likely because they rely heavily on land and natural resources for household food and income generation. 

Climate change exacerbates gender disparities, making it more difficult for women to achieve financial independence, and leaving them not being more resilient to climate change impacts.

Women are highly affected by climate change, because of their domestic roles which often make them predominant users of natural resources such as water, firewood and forest products. They have a heavier labour load when these resources become more limited, which may cause them to experience additional hardship. For example, women predominate in the world's food production (50–80 percent), but they own less than 10 percent of the land. During extreme weather such as droughts and floods, women tend to work more to secure household livelihoods and duties. As a consequence, it influences crop yields as well as hunger, nutrition, and loss of life than men.

Even though women face those challenges, they are not effectively involved in addressing climate change. In this respect the exclusion of their voice makes their knowledge in the environment and hardship they face to be not fully resolved. Therefore, countries should invest in gender action plans for climate change that are participatory, multi-stakeholder, and multi-sectoral since these can help build integrated solutions to cope with social inequality in the face of climate change. This is supported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2022) report that upholds the fact that climate change effects are not gender neutral. It further notes that women and children are among the highest-risk groups.

How can women be fully engaged in addressing climate change?

It is worthy noting that for addressing climate change effectively, it is important to recognize that women are affected by climate change differently. Women continue to bear a disproportionate burden from the adverse impacts of climate change, like during  disasters women face heightened real-life challenges such as being vulnerable to different forms of sexual and gender-based violence as they are the ones who travel miles and miles during dry seasons to collect household water and firewood.

Despite some progress having been made over recent years, the gender perspective needs further work to be fully integrated into the processes of formulating and implementing policies and actions on the ground.

There must be policies and plan in place across all sectors that take into account women's perspectives in numerous subject areas, such as health risks; promotion of education for women and girls in science, engineering, technology, and other fields related to the climate change, as well as enhanced access by women to and control over land, water, energy, and other natural resources.

What could be the importance of considering women

As the aim of the paris agreements  is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees celsius as well as to increase the capacity of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change.

As 70% of the world's 1.3 billion poor people are women, and 40% of the poorest households are headed by women. Regardless  that they are most  vulnerable to  climate change, during severe extreme weather events, women handle the majority of household duties. In developing countries women occupy 70% of farming activity  which feeds more than 50% of developing countries population. 

Women have to be considered  in all climate change measures  especially in mitigation and adaptation to reduce their vulnerability and build resilience in key sectors, such as water, agriculture and human settlements. If  women are empowered in these sectors the community and society will benefit. In addition, women's challenges have to be integrated in project development to ensure their problems are addressed during project implementation.

Progress in engaging women in addressing climate change in Rwanda

People have different adaptation needs depending on where they live, how they sustain their livelihood, and the role they play in their family and community. In this regard, Rwanda mainstream and integrates gender in the environment and climate change sector. For instance, there are different policies and strategies that were established to ensure that women and girls are considered in all sectors. As of now, Rwanda is the first country in the world with a female majority in parliament with 61.3% in the Chamber of Deputies and 36% in the Senate. 

Rwanda National Environment and Climate Change Policy has put in place mechanisms to develop and promote green technologies in all sectors of economic development and facilitate appropriate climate change mitigation and adaptation technological development, including strategies to increase human capacity, especially amongst the youth and women. This policy also urges and encourages effective involvement of women and youth in environmental and climate change  management, intervention, and decision-making as essential.

 

Whatsapp

Topics


More posts

21 November 2022

Rwanda welcomes COP27 outcomes on climate damages fund and keeping 1.5 degree goal alive

The Government of Rwanda has welcomed the outcomes of the 27th United Nations Climate Change Conference, known as COP27. At the meeting, nations…

Read more →
15 November 2022

Rwanda launches new EUR 46M facility to finance public sector climate action

Rwanda has launched a new facility that will invest in climate action led by the public sector on the sidelines of COP27 in Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt. The…

Read more →
11 November 2022

NATIONAL STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT PAUL KAGAME AT COP27

First, I express my appreciation to President Sisi, and the Government and people of the Arab Republic of Egypt, for hosting us in beautiful Sharm El…

Read more →
08 November 2022

PRESIDENT KAGAME LAUNCHES IREME INVEST AT COP27

The President of the Republic of Rwanda, His Excellency Paul Kagame has on November 7, 2022 launched Ireme Invest at the United Nations Climate Change…

Read more →
07 November 2022

Rwanda calls for greater climate action and shares green investment opportunities at COP27

Rwanda will press for more ambitious climate action and share the country’s green investment opportunities at this year’s UN Climate Change Conference…

Read more →
28 September 2022

Why mitigating methane emissions is urgent now?

As methane emissions continue to increase, there are more reasons than ever to reduce methane emissions. Reducing human caused methane emissions is…

Read more →
27 September 2022

UN General Assembly (UNGA 77) has placed Climate Change on top of agenda

UNGA 77 comes at a critical moment for climate and the future of our planet. The impacts of climate change have been observed across the world such as…

Read more →
27 September 2022

REMA’S DG JOINS A ROUNDTABLE MEETING AT UNGA TO DISCUSS CIRCULAR ECONOMY

The Director General of the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), Juliet Kabera, on 20th September 2022, joined a roundtable meeting in New…

Read more →
19 July 2022

PRIME MINISTER OF RWANDA, DR EDOUARD NGIRENTE, OFFICIATES NYANDUNGU ECO-PARK UNVEILING

Rwanda’s Prime Minister, Dr Edouard Ngirente, has on 18 July 2022 officiated the unveiling of Nyandungu Eco-Park. The event was held on the first day…

Read more →